History of Nursing in New Zealand

Nursing is a profession that requires motivation, empathy, determination, and commitment. It is the profession for those who are willing to sacrifice their rest for the well-being of fellow beings. It is the profession of selflessness where you give not to receive anything back but rather just to serve those in need. The course of nursing is as hard as its profession in New Zealand. However; with its coursework, you can take the best assignment help which won’t be possible in your professional life.

In today’s time, many facilities have introduce to help students with their nursing course work by allowing them to take nursing assignment help and guidance with their studies from different online platforms. This profession has come a long way and in this post, the evolution of this profession will be discussed particularly in New Zealand.

Nursing and the origination of the term:

The word “Nurse” originated from the Latin term “Nutrix” which means to nourish or to suckle. In the early days, the job of the nurse was of a wet nurse solely. However; it was in the 16th century that it became more about the person taking care of the sick.

Definitions (old to new):

Nursing was defined as a profession in which an individual nourishes, fosters, and protects a person. It is a profession in which an individual is mean to take care of sick and aged people. Even though; the definitions of nursing might change from time to time but the concept or crust of the whole profession remains the same which is to serve the people.

The most recent definition of nursing is define by the American User Association as the protection, promotion, and optimization of health activities. It is a profession that offers prevention from illness, alleviation of suffering through diagnosis, and advocacy in the care of individuals.

Nursing in ancient times:

Nursing as a profession has first been seen in the documents from the times of the Roman Empire, 300 AD. It is said that under the Roman Empire hospitals were built in each town and to function in those hospitals, there was a high requirement for nurses, medical care, and doctors. The history of nursing is divide into different periods by different researchers. Buenavista divided the history of nursing into the following four periods;

  • Intuitive.
  • Apprentice.
  • Educative.
  • Contemporary.

On the other hand; Tomy and Alligood divided the history of the nursing profession into the following four phases;

  • Curriculum era.
  • Research era.
  • Graduate education era.
  • Theory era.

History of nursing in New Zealand:

In New Zealand, it was the 1800s when the nursing period emerged with the foundation of the first hospital in New Zealand in Auckland in the year 1850. The concept of nursing was not completely new because nurses have been there but untrained ones. They knew little to nothing about proper nursing and knew whatever they learned from others.

Florence Nightingale as an inspiration for New Zealand’s nurses:

Florence Nightingale was the first nurse who realized that cleanliness and some form of professional training are require in order to treat patients. This is what she deduced during the times of the Crimean war. A lot of New Zealand nurses found inspiration in her and since 1883 trained nurses started to join the hospitals and look after the patients.

Acceptance of nursing as a respectable field in New Zealand:

Since then, the profession of nursing kept on advancing. Some of the prominent changes that were seen during the evolutionary period of nursing are as follows;

  • In 1888, lectures were given to students after completing their 12th exams to become professional nurses.
  • In 1901, New Zealand became the first ever country to have registered nurses through the Nurses Registration Act.
  • In the 1900s, New Zealand introduced a kind of nursing known as “Karitane nursing” in which newborn babies were looked after, ensuring that they were well nourished.
  • In 1909, New Zealand’s trained association was founded.
  • In 1912, New Zealand’s Trained Association was accepted by the International Council of nurses.
  • In 1913, Army Nursing Centre was formed to assist the war-stricken people during the times of World War 1.
  • In 1917, a school nursing service was formed which was meant to look after the students of the school that whether they are following the hygienic habits and prescriptions given to them by the doctors or not.
  • In the 1960s, the basic training of three years was introduced in which lectures were to be attended and students were meant to practice their nursing skills.

Similarly; the profession of nursing kept on advancing with time until in the 1990s nursing emerges as a culturally safe profession. Work engagement in professional nursing practice is critically important to consider when addressing key challenges of health systems, including the global nursing shortage, pressures to reduce healthcare spending, and increasing demands for quality care and positive outcomes for patients (Keyko et al, 2016) but on the whole, this profession has progressed by leaps and bound.

Also read: How to Find the Best Assignment Help Service for Students

Contemporary nursing in New Zealand:

“Nurses are the hospitality of the hospital.”

Now, nursing is consider one of the most sought-after and popular professions in New Zealand. The primary goals of nursing science are to promote and safeguard the general public’s health. Public health nursing includes the duty of teaching and enlightening people about significant health issues and supporting and strengthening their welfare and well-being (Carvin, 2022). Today, nurses in New Zealand can enjoy the following facilities;

·        Better job opportunities:

Even though; nursing is a profession that is going to be confined to the health sector only but students who have done graduation or post-graduation in nursing can apply as a nurse in various fields of life. They can get job opportunities as;

  • Dietary aide.
  • Personal care aide.
  • Holistic nursing.
  • Forensic nursing.
  • Occupational therapy aide.
  • Psychiatric aide.
  • Phlebotomist, etc.

·        High pay rates:

The average salary of a registered nurse in New Zealand is 71,510 dollars per year. It might start from 66846 dollars per year to more depending upon your growth and experience with time.

·        Flexible working hours:

Every profession is exhausting but you can consider yourself lucky if you manage to find a few hours for rest, spend time with your family, and have some free time. employees of this profession get to have flexible working hours; if an employee is working in the day then he won’t have a night shift and vice versa.

·        Modified healthcare system:

The healthcare system of New Zealand is manage and maintain by its government. This ensures the facilities and resources that nurses can use to treat patients. The introduction of attest technologies and a clean environment has made it even easier for nurses to carry out their duties.

·        Chances of career promotion:

Nurses working in healthcare systems, military bases, cruise ships, airplanes, and so on have the ability to further progress in their profession with their dedication and commitment to their work.


From the times of informal basic cottage hospitals to some of the world’s best hospitals, from untrained nurses to registered professional nurses; New Zealand has come a long.  Nursing is one of the most respectable and sought-after professions in New Zealand and in other parts of the world as well. Hopefully; the above-mentioned post will help the readers in having an insight into the evolution of this profession.


Carvin, J. (2022, Dec 10th). 50 Best Nursing Essay Topics for UK Students – Absolutely Free. https://www.ukassignmenthelp.uk/best-nursing-essay-topics/.

Kacey Keyko, G. G. (2016). Work engagement in professional nursing practice: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies , 61, 142-164.

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